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Feb 1, 2002 12:00 AM, BY MAYU MISHINA Managing editor |

If there's a trick to smart paper buying, it's getting to know your supplier. Admittedly, this tip is common sense. But a good relationship with your paper supplier can ensure your order goes through when supply is tight, help you lock in competitive paper prices and keep you tuned in to market development. Currently, the market is doing poorly. Supply and demand have been out of balance for quite

Better MEASURE those paper costs

Oct 31, 2001 12:00 AM, BY KATHERINE O'BRIEN Editor |

You can't manage what you don't measure. It's common sense, but not commonplace in the printing industry. Although paper typically accounts for 35 percent of a job's total printing cost, many operations have a hazy idea of their true expenses. We're amazed at the number of plants that either keep poor or no waste/spoilage records, says Bill Lamparter, principal of PrintCom Consulting (Charlotte, NC).

Publishing papers face an uncertain future

Oct 31, 2001 12:00 AM, BY KATHYRN MACKENZIE News editor, Pulp & Paper magazine |

In an unsure economic environment, the future of publishing papers is a hotly contested topic. Many industry players are having difficulty predicting what's in store for the fourth quarter, much less for the next four years. At this year's Publishing and Communications Papers Conference, held Sept. 10-12 in Montreal, producers, end users and analysts tried to predict what's in store for the North

The paper industry's peril

Oct 31, 2001 12:00 AM, BY JILLIAN S. AMBROZ Senior editor, Folio: magazine |

The magazine industry has been hit hard this year, suffering blows from advertising losses and postal increases in addition to the pressures of a toppling economy even before the tragedy of Sept. 11 exacerbated market conditions. Yet the downturn followed a record year. The paper industry, by contrast, is experiencing a devastating year following a poor year, says George Doehner, president of Bulkley

Reducing spoilage & waste

Oct 31, 2001 12:00 AM, BY PETER DOYLE Operations manager of Action Printing (Fond Du Lac, WI) |

Printers estimate that they lose one percent to 20 percent of annual sales on costs associated with spoilage and waste. Many printers would obviously like to decrease spoilage and waste, but it's an elusive goal. Three obstacles must be overcome: inadequate definitions for spoilage and waste, insufficient measurement systems and common ignorance of what factors cause waste. Printers' perceptions of

The basics of paper buying

Aug 30, 2001 12:00 AM, BY MARK J. SUBERS Contributing editor and president, Grade Finders, Inc. |

What you need to know about quantity and unit of measure, M weight, basis weight, color, finish and grain For the newcomer, many aspects of paper ordering can be confusing. Once you know the basics, however, the process isn't quite so intimidating. One quick caveat: each particular mill has its own requirements, so the following information should be used only as a guide. For specific mill requirements,

How paper is made

Aug 30, 2001 12:00 AM,

A typical machine extends the length of a city block and is two stories high In 1798, Nicholas-Louis Robert, while working for a French paper mill owned by the Didot family, invented a machine that used a belt of wire screen to produce a continuous web of paper. He was backed in England by the Fourdrinier brothers, who built and sold the first paper machines. By 1810, the Fourdrinier brothers were

Hybrid inks: emerging or enduring technology?

Aug 30, 2001 12:00 AM, BY CHERYL ADAMS Contributing editor |

Inline finishing and high gloss make hybrid inks attractive While hybrid inks will add a lot of excitement to the printing industry, when the dust settles, will the product simply be an emerging technology, or one that endures? Twenty years in the making, hybrid systems are promoted by ink manufacturers as the hottest technology since UV. While they have only been on the market for a few years and

The evolution of hybrid inks

Aug 30, 2001 12:00 AM, Tony Bean

From the late 1960s, the high-gloss, instant-drying and excellent resistance properties have made UV the standard for coating products. Early attempts, however, to put UV coatings over conventional inks were disastrous, since the UV and conventional chemistries were very different. Poor compatibility resulted in poor adhesion. Printers also found that the initial high gloss off the press was not long-lasting.

Paper & Ink: Welcome back

Aug 30, 2001 12:00 AM, BY KATHERINE O'BRIEN Editor |

THE PRIMARY EXPENSES FOR U.S. PRINTERS AS A PERCENTAGE OF SALES ARE: PAPER, DIRECT WAGES, ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES AND SELLING EXPENSES GATF (Sewickley, PA) and PIA (Alexandria, VA) recently distributed a wallet-size laminated card labeled, Printing Industry Facts and Figures. These statistics confirm what most printers already know: This is one tough business. According to GATF and PIA: Pre-tax profits

Paper Sampler

Aug 1, 2001 12:00 AM,

STERLING ULTRA ADDITIONS Westvaco's Fine Paper Division has added Cover Dull and Litho Dull, in 80- and 100-lb. weights, to the Sterling Ultra paper line. The papers feature a smooth, dull-coated surface that reportedly ensures finely detailed images, rich textures and excellent readability. Westvaco has released two demonstration kits, to enable users to evaluate different press techniques on the

Uncoated free-sheet

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY JAMES MCLAREN News editor, Pulp & Paper magazine |

Chemical pulps (sulfate, sulfite, soda, cotton linters or vegetable fiber) are used to make uncoated free-sheet (also called wood-free) papers, with occasional additions of up to 10% mechanical fiber or bleached chemi-thermomechanical pulps (BCTMP) and recycled fibers. BCTMP lowers the cost of manufacturing while providing a better grade of paper than stone groundwood or other mechanical pulp. Many

Coated groundwood

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY GREG RUDDER Executive news editor, Pulp & Paper magazine |

Almost half of U.S. coated groundwood shipments are used in commercial printing (catalogs, direct mail, Sunday newspaper supplements, advertising inserts and directories), followed by magazines. Coated groundwood papers contain 10% or more mechanical softwood pulp and are almost universally coated on both sides. They are typically lower brightness, less expensive and lighter weight than coated free-sheet.

Getting out of a paper jam

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY CHERYL DANGEL CULLEN Contributing editor |

Sooner or later, most printers will find themselves confronting a paper emergency. What's the best way to extricate yourself from a paper jam? Carefully cultivated vendor relationships, combined with a little common sense, can go a long way. If you're using a run-of-the-mill (so to speak) stock, your troubles may be few. These days just about everything is available, says Tom Hansen, vice president,

Avoiding paper-specifying pitfalls

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY CHERYL DANGEL CULLEN Contributing editor |

Build solid relationships with your distributors, and educate employees and customers How can you avoid common paper-specifying mistakes? Here are some handy tips from printers, paper distributors and other industry experts. CULTIVATE RELATIONSHIPS | Relationships with distributors are No. 1, says Gary Dickson, president of Dickson's, Inc., an Atlanta-based specialty printer. Build relationships.

Optimizing your ink room

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY CHERYL DANGEL CULLEN Contributing editor |

Should you manage your own ink room? Some printers opt to take on the task themselves. By managing their own ink rooms, they have more control and less waste. Inks for jobs can be prioritized easier and a tighter watch is put on the materials used for jobs, says Ken Ferguson, technical director, Van Son Holland Ink Corp. of America (Mineola, NY). On the other hand, printers that want to offload some

Declaring war on paper waste

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY CHERYL A. ADAMS Contributing editor |

Roger Dickeson wrote War on Waste () in 1974. Thanks to the paper shortage of the mid-1970s, and the combined efforts of Dickeson and Norman Scharpf, president of the Graphic Communications Assn. (GCA) (Alexandria, VA), the book became a bestseller. But when paper became plentiful again, printers' interest waned. Like most ideas that are popular for a time, the impact died down, says Dickeson, who,

Coated free-sheet

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY KATHRYN MACKENZIE News editor, Pulp & Paper magazine |

Coated free-sheet papers contain less than 10% mechanical (groundwood) pulp. They comprise as many as four of the five general categories of coated papers: Nos. 1 and 2, in which there is no groundwood, and No. 3, which may contain some groundwood. Nos. 4 and 5 are commonly groundwood grades but a small portion may be free-sheet (not containing groundwood pulp). Nos. 1 and 2 generally range in basis

Coated paper demand expands, but global challenges loom

Jun 29, 2001 12:00 AM, BY HAROLD M. CODY Senior editor, Pulp & Paper magazine |

Demand growth has slowed while capacity and output expand, but consolidation is changing the landscape in all regions During the past decade, demand for coated papers has continued to expand worldwide, with strong growth in Asia and Europe balanced by more modest growth in North America. The business has also undergone profound change, as global consolidation has radically transformed the producer


Jun 1, 2001 12:00 AM,

Pulp and Paper Forecaster Services (San Francisco) announces International Coated Papers 2001, a comprehensive report, reference guide and directory on the coated-papers market. The two-volume, 800-page report includes market projections for the coming five years, global capacity ranking, company profiles of the top 75 coated-paper producers, current grade offerings and comparisons, coated-paper expansion